ارایه ابزار اندازه‌ گیری فرایند یادگیری‌ زدایی در سازمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مؤسسه عالی آموزش و پژوهش مدیریت و برنامه ریزی

2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

یکی از مهمترین عواملی که در جریان کسب دانش جدید ایجاد مشکل نموده و زمینه ساز شکست در پیاده سازی پروژه تغییر در سازمان می باشد، میزان وابستگی به دانش قدیمی در سطوح مختلف سازمانی است. برای غلبه بر این مشکل، سازمانها باید با استفاده از اقدامات و فعالیتهای مناسب، به کاهش و حذف میزان وابستگی به دانش قدیمی بپردازند. به این مجموعه اقدامات که منجر به کاهش اثرات منفی دانش منسوخ در سازمان می شوند، فرایند یادگیری زدایی گفته می شود. بدین منظور در این مقاله، به تدوین ابزاری مناسب جهت سنجش فرایند یادگیری زدایی در سازمان که از روایی و پایایی مناسبی برخوردار باشد پرداخته شده است. در ابتدا با استفاده از مطالعات میدانی، رویکردها و اقدامات مختلفی که سازمانها می توانند جهت یادگیری زدایی مورد استفاده قرار ‌دهند، شناسایی و براساس آن پرسشنامه اولیه در قالب 36 عبارت تدوین شد. در مرحله بعد روایی محتوای پرسشنامه از منظر سه شاخص شفافیت،‌ مناسبت و جامعیت توسط خبرگان ارزیابی شده و با اعمال نظرات آنها، پرسشنامه نهایی متشکل از 28 عبارت و در قالب 7 رویکرد تدوین گردید. در نهایت پرسشنامه در نمونه ای متشکل از 134 سازمان از جامعه آماری شرکتهای نرم افزاری مورد آزمون قرار گرفت و با استفاده از داده های جمع آوری شده، روایی سازه از طریق تحلیل عاملی، روایی همگرا و واگرا از طریق ضریب همبستگی پیرسون مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت و شاخصهای برازش مدل نیز بررسی شد که نتایج حاکی از آن بود که مدل اندازه گیری از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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